If there is one word the world can’t get enough of – it is Growth! Growth is the amazing factor in financial equations which makes companies stocks go crazy and countries future look crazy. Ofcourse this is particularly true for India which along with China has led the world growth in the past few years.
India is such a big and massive country that dividing its growth into sectors is not an easy task. Still the Ministry of External Affairs has given us numbers for various sectors (http://indiainbusiness.nic.in/economy/economic_snapshot.htm)
India grew by 6.9% during 2011-12, which is lower compared to 8.4% growth achieved during 2010-11 but is still pretty good (Data from GoI). The chart from World Bank shows slightly different figures but the theme is still the same. Indian population is growing by 1.4% during the same period. To keep things simple I would adjust the growth down by 1.4% to account for this population growth.
Its also interesting to note from the website that “growth rates of over 8 per cent in the sectors of electricity, gas and water supply, trade , hotels , transport and communication, and financing, insurance, real estate and business services. MOSPI expects slow growth in the sectors of agriculture, forestry and fishing (2.5 per cent) , manufacturing (3.9 per cent) and construction (4.8 per cent). The growth in the mining and quarrying sector is estimated to be negative (-2.2 per cent).” And here lies the reason why the world is betting on India for the next growth wave for the world! Over 8% growth rate in the sectors where consumers are in the driving seat! Indian consumer is coming out and demanding there share from the world and that is going to have a multiplying effect on the economy.
What is needed right now?
Good policies to help manufacturing compete with the rest of the world and be able to provide the goods to the Indian consumer. India does not want to become just an importer of goods but wants to make goods for their own consumers.
Emphasis on Construction and Infrastructure: The growth rate of construction and infrastructure need to rapidly increase in India to make up for the past decades and provide way forward. This will not be easy but its success is going to determine the next few decades for India. India has an advantage here but is not realising it. Many countries in EU and China have already developed their infrastructure, driven their growth numbers by infrastructure spending and are now trying to push their consumers to use this infrastructure and consumer to lead the next cycle of growth in the economy. In India we are seeing the opposite trend where the consumer wants to consume but is hampered by the infrastructure and here lies the opportunity. As we get the infrastructure ready it will contribute to the GDP numbers but the consumption it leads to will create a multiplicative effect on GDP.
Will it happen or not? We will see in 10 years! If you have any comments then do share below.